Mar 05

Tombstone Tuesday–Wilhelm Andrew Neubrecht

Wilhelm Neubecht, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2012 photo by Karen)

  • This is the tombstone of Wilhelm Andrew Neubrecht, located in row 2 of Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. The marker is inscribed:

William Andrew
[unreadable]
NEUBRECHT
Died
Oct. 22, 188?
[unreadable]

According to Zion Schumm’s records Wilhelm Andreas Neubrecht was born 5 July 1887, the son of Carl [”Charles”] Neubrecht and Maria “Mary” B. (Roehm). Wilhelm died of malaria fever on 22 October 1887, at the age of only 3 months and 17 days. Church records indicated that he was buried in Zion’s cemetery on the 24th.  He is the only Neubrecht buried in Zion Schumm cemetery.

Although I have seen the Neubrecht surname several times, it is not very familiar to me, so trying to determine a little information about Wilhelm’s parents was quite a challenge.

I wrongly assumed, from the way Wilhelm Neubrecht’s death was recorded in Zion Schumm’s records, that his father was deceased. The record refers to Wilhelm’s parents as Karl [Carl/Charles] Neubrecht and his legal wife Maria (widowed), born Roehm. I first took that to mean that Maria “Mary” was widowed at the time of her son Wilhelm’s death. But I came to learn that it meant that Mary was a widow when she married Carl Neubrecht. Assumptions can be misleading.

Wilhelm Neubrecht’s mother was Mary B. Roehm, daughter of Andreas Roehm. Mary was born 14 July 1841 in Ohio. [1]

Mary B. Roehm married Johann “Carl” Germann at Zion Schumm on 17 October 1869. [2] Carl Germann was a widower whose wife had died in 1867. [3] Carl Germann died 29 August 1877. [4]

In 1880 Mary (Roehm) Germann, a widow, lived in the city of Van Wert with her brother Emmanuel Roehm and his wife Carrie. Their household in 1880: Emmanuel “Ream,” 25; Carrie, 20 wife; and Mary Germann, 35, widow. Emmanuel was a store clerk. [5]

The widow Mary (Roehm) Germann married Charles Neubrecht on 7 October 1880 in Van Wert County. Their marriage record indicates she was Mrs. Mary B. Germann. [6]

Their son Wilhelm Neubrecht died in 1887. He may have been their only child.

In 1900 Charles and Mary lived in Blackcreek Township, Mercer County, Ohio, where Charles farmed. Living with them was Mary’s nephew, Homer Roehm, the son of her brother Emmanuel Roehm. The Charles Neubrecht household in 1900: Charles, 55, Germany; Mary B, 57, Ohio; and Homer B, 16, Ohio. This enumeration indicates that Charles immigrated in 1861, that they had been married 20 years, and that Mary had not had any children. [7]

By 1910 Charles and Mary Neubrecht lived on Taylor Street in Fort Wayne. Living with them was Mary’s nephew Homer B. Roehm, The Charles and Mary Neubrecht household in 1910: Charles, 65, born in Germany, head; Mary, 68, born in Ohio, wife; and Homer B Roehm, 26, nephew, born in Ohio. Charles and Mary had been married 29 years and this enumeration indicates that Mary did not have any children. Charles was a delinquent tax collector and this record indicates that he immigrated in 1881. [8] The immigration date is probably incorrect since he married in 1880.

Charles Neubrecht died in Fort Wayne on 25 July 1919. [9]

In 1920 Mary and her nephew Homer B. Roehm resided on Taylor Street in Fort Wayne: Mary B. Neubrecht, 79, widowed; Homer B. Roehm, 35, single, nephew. [10]

Mary (Roehm) Germann Neubrecht died in Fort Wayne on 8 March 1928. [1]

Charles and Mary are both buried in Lindenwood Cemetery, Fort Wayne.

 

[1] Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, database on-line, Ancestry.com, Mary B Neubrecht, 8 Mar 1928. And Find a Grave memorial no. 67014789, Mary Bienz Roehm Neubrecht, Lindenwood Cemetery, Fort Wayne, Allen County, Indiana. [note: I am not sure where the name Bienz fits in. I have not seen a Bienz connection in my research here, but research is always subject to correction.] Also, 1850 & 1860 census enumerations, living in Van Wert County with her father Andreas and her siblings, also indicate that Mary was born about 1841.]

[2] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-SPB8-X?i=21&cc=1614804 : viewed 4 Mar 2019), Charles Germann and Mary B Roehm, 17 Oct 1869; Van Wert Marriages, Vol. 1869-1871:458. And the records of Zion Lutheran Church, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio.

[3] Find a Grave memorial no. 186951458, Elisabetha Schmidt Germann (1829-1867), Evangelical Protestant Cemetery, Convoy, Van Wert County, Ohio.  

[4] Find a Grave memorial no. 83271718, Johann Carl Germann (1820-1877), Evangelical Protestant Cemetery, Convoy, Van Wert County, Ohio.  

[5] 1880 U.S. Census, Van Wert, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 151, p.364B, dwelling & family 10, Mary Germann; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 5 Mar 2019).

[6] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-65X8-J5?i=47&cc=1614804 : viewed 4 Mar 2019), Charles Neubricht or Neubright & Mary B German, 7 Oct 1880); Van Wert Marriages, Vol. 6:43.

[7] 1900 U.S. Census, Black Creek, Mercer, Ohio, ED 74, p.2, dwelling & family 47, Charley Neub??; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=7602&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 5 Mar 2019).

[8] 1910 U.S. Census, Fort Wayne Ward 6, Allen Indiana, ED 47, p.7B, dwelling 156, house 162, Charles Neubrecht;

digital images by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=7884&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 4 Mar 2019).

[9] Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, database on-line, Ancestry.com, Charles Neubrecht, 25 Jul 1919. And Find a Grave memorial no. 110174063, Charles Neubrecht (1844-1919), Lindenwood Cemetery, Convoy, Fort Wayne, Allen County, Indiana.  

[10] 1920 U.S. Census, Fort Wayne Ward 6, Allen, Indiana, ED 56, p.14B, dwelling 268, house 306, Mary B Neubrecht; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=6061&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 4 Mar 2019).  

Mar 01

Willshire Depot & Rail Service in the Early 1900s

Chicago, Ft. Wayne, Fostoria, Findlay, Cleveland, Buffalo, New York, Boston and all points East and West reached most quickly and comfortably via the Nickel Plate Road… That is part of an advertisement in the 5 May 1904 edition of the Willshire Herald.

Traveling by rail was a big thing in 1904. It was the best and fastest way to travel any distance back then.

The ad goes on—Three Express Trains every day in the year. Thru Pullman Sleeping Cars to Chicago, New York and Boston. Comfortable high back seat coaches and modern Dining Cars serving meals on Individual Club Plan ranging in prices from 35 cents to $1.00. Also a la Carte service.

Colored Porters in uniform to look to the comfort of first and second class passengers and keep cars scrupulously clean.

Direct Connections with Fast Trains at Chicago and Buffalo.

All Agents Sell Tickets via this Popular Route, Write to C.A. Asterlin, Trav. Pass. Agent, Ft. Wayne, Ind.

May 1904 Willshire Herald

Willshire had a Nickel Plate train depot and the train would also stop at Schumm as needed. I figure the Willshire depot was located somewhere near where the grain elevator is today, on one side or the other of route 33 going to Decatur. Maybe someone reading this knows for sure. 

Below is a photo of Willshire’s Nickel Plate depot, date unknown:

Willshire’s Nickel Plate Depot, unknown date.

I found an interesting postcard among some old family papers, a postcard dated 5 September 1907 and addressed to my great-grandfather Jacob Miller, RFD #1, Willshire, Ohio. It was sent from Fort Wayne and it appears that Jacob was to pick up someone at the Willshire depot. Written on the postcard:

Dear Friends, Mamma and papa are coming Saturday. Please get them at Willshire. I don’t know just exactly what time between 2 and 3 o’clock. Come along with them or else come back with me when I come. Emma Keller

1907 postcard to Jacob Miller, RR#1, Willshire, Ohio.

I do not know who Emma Keller was or what she meant regarding the details of the meeting. Although it does not specifically mention the train depot, I would imagine that a train was their mode of transportation from Fort Wayne to Willshire. Also the fact that they needed someone to “get them.”

There were quite a few railroad ads in that May 1904 Willshire Herald.

An ad for the Toledo St. Louis & Western “Clover Leaf” Railroad Company:

May 1904 Willshire Herald

The Clover Leaf had Special Low Excursion Rates in 1904:

May 1904 Willshire Herald

The Erie Lines, Chicago & Erie Railroad:

May 1904 Willshire Herald

Cincinnati Northern Railroad Co:

May 1904 Willshire Herald

1914 Railroad map, part of Van Wert & Mercer Counties:

1914 railroad map, Van Wert & Mercer Counties.

What fun it would have been to take a rail excursion! It would be fun to take a train to Chicago, something that is doable to this day.

Now I just need to figure out who the Kellers were…

 

Feb 26

Tombstone Tuesday–Jacob Schumm

Jacob Schumm, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2012 photo by Karen)

This is the tombstone of Jacob Schumm, located in row 2 of Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. The marker is inscribed:

Hier ruhet in Gott
Jacob Schumm
Sohn von
Fredrich n. Magdalena
Schumm
Gestorben
d. 5 August 1862
Alt 14 Jahr, 7 Mo
Und 1 Tag

Here rests in God, Jacob Schumm, son of Fredrich and Magdalena Schumm, died 5 August 1862, aged 14 years, 7 months, and 1 day.

Johann “Jacob” Schumm was born at 10:45 on the night of 4 January 1848, in Van Wert County, according to Zion Schumm’s records. He was the son of Friederich and Magdalena (Meyer) Schumm. Jacob was baptized 9 January 1848 with Jacob Rodel, Jacob Schumm, and their wives serving as sponsors.

Jacob’s parents were both German immigrants. In fact, Jacob’s father Friederich was one of five Schumm siblings who immigrated with their father John George Schumm in 1833. The Schumms lived in Holmes County, Ohio, soon after they arrived in America and Friederich Schumm married Magdalena Meyer there on 15 August 1838. [1] The couple moved to Willshire Township within a couple years of their marriage, where they owned and lived on the property across from where Zion Lutheran Church is located today. The Friederich Schumm family was enumerated in the 1840 census there. [2] You can read more about the parents on Tombstone Tuesday–Friederich and Magdalena Schumm. [3]  

Jacob, at 2 years of age, was enumerated in the 1850 census in Van Wert County: Friederich Schumm, 36; Magdalena, 31; William, 10; John, 8; Fredrick, 6; Catharine, 4; Jacob, 2; and Hannah, 10 months. [4]

Jacob Schumm was also enumerated with his family in the 1860 census: Friederich, 46; Magdalena, 41; Catharine, 14; William, 20; John, 18; Fredrick, 16; Jacob, 13; Hannah, 11; Mary, 9; Lewis, 7; George, 4; and Barbara, 2. [5]  

Jacob Schumm died at 3:00 in the afternoon of 5 August 1862, at the age of 14 years. The church records do not give the cause of his death nor his burial date. His burial text was Psalm 119:29.

Jacob was survived by four siblings and his parents had several more children after his death. The children of Friederich and Magdalena (Meyer) Schumm:  

Wilhelm Schumm (1840-1906), married Maria Heffner
Johann Schumm (1842-?)
Friedrich Schumm Jr (1844-1907), married Margaret Ehrenmann; married Maria Büchner
Catherine Isabella Schumm (1846-1907), married David Stamm
Johann “Jacob” Schumm (1848-1862)
“Hannah” Margaretha Schumm (1849-1927), married Rev. Johann Zimmerman
“Maria” Barbara Schumm (1851-1928), married Johann Zimmerman
“Lewis” George Schumm (1853-1939), married Catherine “Cassie” Bonnewitz
George Friedrich Schumm (1856-1927), married Sadie McClellan
Maria “Barbara” Margaret Schumm (1858-1951)
George Martin “Henry” Schumm (1861-1941), married Henrietta Wilhelmina “Minnie” Hoppe
George Conrad “Ferdinand” Schumm [Rev] (1864-1926), married Minnie Brockmeyer; married Minnie Felkner

Jacob’s mother Magdalena (Meyer) Schumm died 15 March 1897 and his father Friederich Schumm died 6 August 1902. Both are buried in row 6 of Zion Schumm’s cemetery. Friederich was the last surviving member of the Schumm family who immigrated in 1833.

 

[1] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1994,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XDP1-59B : viewed 24 Nov 2013), Frederick Schum and Magdalena Meyers, 15 Aug 1838; citing Vol. 2 1831-1867, p. 53, Holmes, Ohio.

[2] 1840 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, p. 69, line 26, Frederick Schumm; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=8057&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 1 December 2013).

[3] Tombstone Tuesday—Friederich & Magdalena Schumm, Karen’s Chatt, 10 Dec 2013.

[4] 1850 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, p.169B, dwelling 329, family 348, Fredk Shumm; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=8054&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 25 Feb 2019).

[5] 1860 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, p.425 [stamped], p.149 [penned], dwelling 1065, family 1059, Frederic Schanen; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=8054&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0  : viewed 25 Feb 2019).

Feb 22

More Willshire Advertising, 1904

Today, some more ads from the 5 May 1904 edition of the Willshire Herald that my great-grandfather Louis J. Schumm saved.

Willshire appears to have been a thriving village back in 1904. The town had quite a few businesses, if you can go by the number of advertisements in this eight-page newspaper. Over 100 years ago people did not have the means to travel very far from home to shop, so it was a necessity that the nearby towns have a variety of stores with supplies and goods for the daily needs of the people.

But when I think about it, Willshire still has a number of businesses, from a style salon, or “beauty shop,” as my mom called it, to home decorating and furnishing stores, a grain elevator, and places to eat, to mention just a few. I am most familiar with Willshire’s home decorating stores.

I remember going to Willshire’s Variety Store when I was a young girl. I liked to sew and do embroidery and I always enjoyed shopping for fabric and sewing notions there. Dellinger Brothers installed the heat pump when we built our house in the 1970s. I also remember that Willshire has always had some of the best ice cream around.   

Below are some more Willshire business ads from that 1904 Willshire Herald.

A. and J. Brown, dry goods, dress goods, carpets, and mattings:

Ad in 4 May 1904 Willshire Herald

S. S. Buchanan, window treatments, furniture, picture frames. They even enlarges photos:

Ad in 4 May 1904 Willshire Herald

John Beam, tailor. Elsewhere he advertised men’s suits made to order for $8.50 and up:

Ad in 4 May 1904 Willshire Herald

J. F. Baucher, City Bargain Store:

Ad in 4 May 1904 Willshire Herald

Manley’s Footwear:

Ad in 4 May 1904 Willshire Herald

Jas. B. Stogdill, clocks, watches, sewing machines, pianos, and organs. I have my Grandma Schumm’s old Singer treadle sewing machine. My dad told me his family had a pump organ when he was growing up. I wonder if those items, were purchased at Stogdill’s:

Ad in 4 May 1904 Willshire Herald

Willshire Milling Company:

Ad in 4 May 1904 Willshire Herald

What a great newspaper this is, with so much interesting information! I am so glad it was saved all these years.

Feb 19

Tombstone Tuesday–Charles & Clara (Schumm) Dietrich Markle

Charles & Clara (Schumm) Dietrich Merkle, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Van Wert County Ohio. (2012 photo by Karen)

This is the tombstone of Charles and Clara Rosina (Schumm) Dietrich Merkle, located in row 5 of Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. The marker is inscribed:

MERKLE
Charles
Jan. 8, 1869
Sept. 4, 1968

Clara
July 24, 1875
Jan. 14, 1936
PS. 37.5

My last Tombstone Tuesday featured George “Ernest” Dietrich (1864-1905), who is buried in row 9 of Zion Schumm’s cemetery. Ernest was married to Clara (Schumm) and after his death his widow Clara married Charles Merkle. Clara is buried beside her second husband Charles Merkle and they share the same tombstone. Today’s Tombstone Tuesday:

“Clara” Rosina Elisabeth Schumm was born 24 July 1875, the daughter of “River Henry” Schumm and his first wife, Rosina (Schinnerer). Clara was baptized at Zion Schumm on 1 August 1875 and Mrs. Elisabeth Schinnerer and Rosina Geier served as her sponsors.

The Henry Schumm household in 1880: Henry, 35, head; Rosina A, 26, wife; and their children John C, 6; Clara R E, 4; William M M, 3; Hannah M, 2; and Edward L, 4 months. [1]

Clara Schumm married Ernest Dietrich at Zion Lutheran, Schumm, on 14 August 1898. [2]

In 1900 Ernest and Clara Dietrich lived near the Dietrich family farm north of Schumm. Ernest was a farmer. Their household in 1900: Ernest, 35; Clara, 24; and daughter Rosa A, 1. [3]

Ernest Dietrich died of on 20 July 1905, [4] leaving behind his widow Clara and four daughters–Rosine, Edna, Leah, and Louise.

Ernest Dietrich and Clara (Schumm) Dietrich had the following children:
Rosine Marie Dietrich (1899-1987), married Walter Baker
Edna Magdalena Dietrich (1901-1986), married George Jacob Hofmann
Leah Juliana Dietrich (1902-1996), married Oscar Boenker; married Richard Merkle
Louise Wilhelmine Dietrich (1905-1992), married Ervin Peters

Ernest Dietrich’s widow Clara (Schumm) Dietrich married Charles Merkle on 26 November 1908. They were married at Zion Schumm by Rev. Holle. Charles Merkle, age 39, was from the Germann settlement and the widow Clara, age 33 years, was from the Schumm parish.  Witnesses to their marriage were William Merkle and Henry Schumm.

Charles Merkle was born in Willshire Township on 8 January 1869, the son of William and Elizabeth (Muntzinger) Merkle. [5] Charles sometimes went by the name of Carl. 

The William Merkle household in 1870: William, 40, Baden; Elizabeth, 26, Baden; Elizabeth, 5, Baden; William, 3, Ohio; and Charles, 1, Ohio. William was a farmer. [6]

The William Merkle family was a little challenging to locate in the 1870 census. Merkle is spelled and indexed as Merica on Ancestry.com. The Merkle family was living next to some Muntzingers, who were living with the Jacob “Drollinger” family. The Muntzingers: Ernest, 24; William, 22; George, 19; John, 17; and Catharine, 11, all born in Baden. They may have been related to Elizabeth (Muntzinger) Merkle, William Merkle’s wife.  

The William Merkle household in 1880: William, 50, head; Elizabeth, 36, wife; and children Elizabeth, 15; William, 13; Charles, 11; John 9; and George, 7. The parents and the oldest child Elizabeth were reportedly born in Baden and the rest of the children born in Ohio. This would indicate the family immigrated sometime between 1865-1867. [7]   

The William Merkle household in 1900: William, 70; Elizabeth, 56; Charles, 31; John H, 29; George, 27; and Ernest T, 19. The parents were born in Germany and this enumeration indicates that both immigrated in 1864. The children were all born in Ohio and the father William was a farmer. [8]

Charles Merkle married widow Clara (Schumm) Dietrich in 1908.

The Charles Merkle household in 1910: Charles, 38, head; Clara, 34, wife; their son Hugo Merkle, 6 months; and Charles step-daughters Rosina Dietrich, 10; Edna Dietrich, 8; Leah Dietrich, 7; and Louise Dietrich, 5. Charles was a farmer. Clara had given birth to five children and they were reportedly all living. [9] 

The Charles Merkle household in 1920: Charles, 51, head; Clara RE, 33; Edna M Dietrich, 18, daughter; Leah J, 17, daughter; Louise W, 14, daughter; Hugo H Merkle, son, 10; and Wilma M Merkle, 4, daughter. [10]

The Charles Merkle household in 1930: Charles, 61, head; Clara, 57, wife; Leah, 28, step-daughter, widow; Hugo, 20, son; and Velma, 15, daughter. [11]

Clara (Schumm) Dietrich Merkle died of heart irregularities in Willshire Township on 14 January 1936, at the age of 60 years, 5 months, and 20 days. She was buried on the 17th. [12] 

The household of widower Charles Merkle in 1940: Charles, 71, head, widow; Henry F Etzler, 28, son-in-law; Velma Etzler, 25, daughter. Charles was a farmer, living with his daughter Velma and her husband. [13]

Charles Merkle died of a stroke at the Van Rue Geriatric Center, Van Wert, on 4 September 1963. He was 94 years of age. He was buried on the 7th. His son Hugo Merkle had died earlier that same year. [5]

Charles Merkle obituary:

Charles Merkle
Van Wert—Charles Merkle, 94, a retired farmer and life resident of Willshire Township, Van Wert County, died Wednesday in Van Rue
Geriatric Center.

Mr. Merkle, who died from a cerebral hemorrhage, and been seriously ill for the past 10 days.

He was born Jan. 8, 1869, the son of William and Elesa Merkle. On Nov. 26, 1906, he married the former Mrs. Clara Dietrich. She died in 1936.

Mr. Merkle was a member of the Zion Lutheran Church in nearby Schumm.

Surviving are a daughter, Mrs. Henry (Velma) Etzler of Willshire Township, four step-daughters, Mrs. Walter (Rosa) Baker, and Mrs. Ervin (Louise) Peters, Route 1, Willshire, and Mrs. George (Edna) Hofmann, Mrs. Leah Merkle, Rt. 2, Ohio City; two brothers, George and Ernest, both of Rt. 2, Ohio City, 17 grandchildren, and 28 great-grandchildren.

Funeral services will be at 10:30 a.m. Saturday in the Zion Lutheran Church, Schumm, with Rev. Elmer W. Braun officiating. Burial will be in the church cemetery. Friends may call this evening at the Cowan and Son Funeral home. [14]

Charles Merkle and Clara (Schumm) Dietrich Merkle had the following children:
Hugo Henry Merkle (1909-1963), Erna Sophia Schroeder; married Myrtle (Butters) Custer
Velma Merkle (1915-1999), married Henry Etzler

 

[1] 1880 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 154, p: 443A (stamped), p.1 (penned) family 4, Henry Schumm; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 17 Feb 2019).

[2] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-S57T-P2?i=103&cc=1614804 : viewed 4 Feb 2019), Ernest G. Detrick and Clara Schumm, 14 Aug 1898; Van Wert Marriages, Vol. 9:143. And Zion Schumm’s marriage records.

[3] 1900 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 98, p.310A (stamped), dwelling 211, family, 216, Ernest Dietrich; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1900usfedcen/?name=adam_dietrich&birth=1828_germany_3253&birth_x=1-0-0&residence=_van+wert-ohio-usa_2983 : viewed 14 Jan 2019).

[4] “Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001,“ database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6725-BD?i=611&cc=2128172 : accessed 4 Feb 2019) Ernest G. Dietrich, 25 Jul 1905, Van Wert County, p.52.

[5] “Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001,” database with images, FamilySearch.org (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9ZY-TZDF?i=1109&cc=2128172 : viewed 17 Feb 2019), Charles Merkle, 4 Sep 1963; Deaths, Van Wert, Pleasant Township. And, Charles Merkle’s brother John H. Merkle‘s 1936 death certificate shows his mother as Elizabeth Muntzinger; FamilySearch.org (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G574-9V37?i=2378&cc=1307272 : viewed 18 Feb 2019).

[6] 1870 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, p:22, dwelling 148, family 149, William Merica; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=7163&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 18 Feb 2019).

[7] 1880 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 154, p:26B, family 232, line 20, William Marcaly; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 17 Feb 2019).

[8] 1900 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 98, p.6, dwelling 115, family 119, , William Merkle; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=7602&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 17 Feb 2019).

[9] 1910 U. S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 114, p.258 (stamped), p.126A (penned), dwelling 114, family 115, Charles Merkle; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=7884&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 17 Feb 2019). 

[10] 1920 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 146, p.2B, dwelling & family 41, Charles Merkle; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=6061&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 17 Feb 2019).   

[11] 1930 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 24, p.5B, dwelling 112, family 115, Charley Merkle; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=6224&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 17 Feb 2019).

[12] “Ohio, County Death Records, 1908-1953,“ database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G574-9V37?i=2378&cc=1307272 : accessed 18 Feb 2019) Clara R E Merkle, 14 Jan 1936; Willshire, Van Wert County.

[13] 1940 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 81-28, p.5B, household 108, line 72, Chs Merckle; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?htx=List&dbid=2442&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 : viewed 17 Feb 2019).

[14] Charles Merkle obituary, The Lima News, 6 Sep 1963; digital image, Ancestry.com.  

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