Mar 18

Tombstone Tuesday–Charles F. and Hannah M. (Schumm) Germann

Germann, Charles R. & Hannah M., Evangelical Protestant Cemetery, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2014 photo by Karen)

Germann, Charles F. & Hannah M., Evangelical Protestant Cemetery, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2014 photo by Karen)

This is the tombstone of Charles F. and Hannah M. (Schumm) Germann, located in row 2 of Evangelical Protestant Cemetery, Harrison Township, Van Wert County, Ohio. The marker is inscribed:

GERMANN

Charles F.
1849-1932

 Hannah M.
1853-1926

Karl Fredrick “Charles” Germann was born 22 February 1849 in Harrison Township, Van Wert County, Ohio, to immigrants Charles and Elizabeth (Schmidt) Germann. Charles was a farmer who died of a cerebral hemorrhage on 2 July 1932 in Harrison Township. He was buried on the 6 July.  [1]

Charles married Hannah M. Schumm on 22 February 1872 at Zion Lutheran Church, Schumm, where Hannah was a member. They were married by Rev. G.M. Schumm. Charles’ name is shown as Karl Fr. in Zion’s records.

Hannah Magdalena Schumm was born 29 March 1853 in Willshire Township, Van Wert County, the eighth child born to immigrants Ludwig and Barbara (Pflüger) Schumm. According to Zion Schumm’s records she was baptized 30 January at home, with Friedrich Schinnerer and wife Magdalena and Jacob Schumm and wife Hanna as sponsors. Hannah M. Schumm was my second great-grandaunt, the sister of my great-grandfather, Louis Schumm and my great-great-grandmother Elisabeth (Schumm) Schinnerer. Hannah died of cardiac hypertrophy on 27 March 1926 in Harrison Township. She was buried on the 30th. [2]

Hannah (Schumm) Germann) 1853-1926.

Hannah (Schumm) Germann) 1853-1926. Photo courtesy of Sue Allen.

Harrison Township Lady Answers Death Summons
Mrs. C.F. German, aged 73 years, born in Willshire Township, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Schumm, died at her home in Harrison township Saturday afternoon, March 27, 1926. As Hannah Schumm she married Mr. Germann, and they immediately went to housekeeping in Harrison township, where they always resided and where their family of six children were born and reared—Otto and Felix of Harrison township; Mrs. John Schaadt and Mrs. Carl Hahn of Lima; Mrs. Minnie Seigle of Pleasant township; Mrs. C.L. Germann of Harrison township, and Mrs. Charles Schumm of Rockford.

Deceased was the sister of Mr. L.J. Schumm, east of town, and of the late John C. Schumm, recently deceased, and a half sister of W.A. Buechner, who resides north of Schumm.

Funeral services and burial were held Tuesday forenoon from the family residence and from the St. Thomas church, with interment in the church cemetery. [3]

Charles F. Germann (1849-1932). Photo courtesy of Sue Allen.

Charles F. Germann (1849-1932). Photo courtesy of Sue Allen.

Well Known Resident Dies Sunday Morning
Charles F. Germann, 83, a prominent retired farmer of Harrison township, died Sunday at 11:15 o’clock in his home, east of Wren. Death was due to infirmities. Mrs. Germann was born in Harrison township on February 22, 1849. With the exception of a few years, when he lived on a farm in Willshire township, he spent his entire lifetime in Harrison township. In 1882 he moved to the farm which had since been his home. Besides farming, Mr. Germann also had been engaged in the manufacture of tile. He was one of the organizers of the Farmer’s Mutual Aid Association of Van Wert county, and was widely known for his integrity and his unusual ability as a farmer. He maintained his faculties up until the last, and his handwriting was notable for its clearness and beauty and very unusual for an aged man.

Mr. Germann was a member of St. Thomas Lutheran church in Harrison township, where funeral services were held Wednesday afternoon at 2:30 o’clock following a brief service at the home at 2 o’clock. Burial was made in the church cemetery.

Surviving are two sons, Otto L. Germann and Felix E. Germann, both of Harrison township; five daughters, Mrs. Rosa Schaadt, who lived with her father, Mrs. Minnie Siegel, of Pleasant township, Mrs. Carl Holm, of Lima, Mrs. Conrad L. Germann, of Harrison township, and Mrs. Charles Schumm, of near Rockford, and one sister, Mrs. Elizabeth Rupright, of Los Angeles, Cal. His wife preceded him in death in 1926. [4]

Charles and Hannah (Schumm) Germann had the following children:

Otto L. (1873-1960) married Magdalena “Emilie” Schumm
Rose (1874-1955) married John Schaadt
Minnie (1877-1952) married Richard Siegel
Felix E. (1878-1957) married Olivia Saam
Henrietta (1880-1972) married Karl Holm
Emma P. (1882-1959) married Conrad L. Germann
Amalia C. (1884-1969) married Charles J. Schumm

The Germanns attended St. Thomas Church, which is a few miles northeast of Schumm. St. Thomas is also a member of the Lutheran Church Missouri Synod.

 

[1] “Ohio, Deaths, 1908-1953,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X6ST-2RW : accessed 16 March 2014), Charles Fredrick Germann, 2 July 1932; citing Harrison, Van Wert, Ohio, reference fn 45307; FHL microfilm 1992665.

[2] “Ohio, Deaths, 1908-1953,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X8JJ-RRJ : accessed 16 Mar 2014), Hanna M. Hermann, 27 March 1926; citing Harrison Twp., Van Wert, Ohio, reference fn 20316; FHL microfilm 1984197.

[3] The Willshire Herald, Willshire, Ohio, 1 April  1926, p.1.

[4] The Willshire Herald, Willshire, Ohio, 7 July 1932, p.1.

Mar 14

The Schumm’s Indian Connection

Some of my favorite record sources are the deed books at the Recorder’s Office. I enjoy searching through these books which often contain more than just land deeds. And I never know what I might find in them.

I have found wills, affidavits, leases, maps, family relationship information, power of attorney, bills of sale, and other interesting items in the deed books. Information in these records can sometimes prove relationships and may help solve genealogical brick walls.

Mercer County Recorder's Office.

Mercer County Recorder’s Office.

Recently I have been writing about my great-great-grandfather Friedrich Schinnerer, who once owned a substantial amount of land and a grist mill in northern Mercer County, Ohio, near what is now Rockford, in Dublin Township.

While looking through the Dublin and Black Creek Township Deed books I noticed the name Schumm on some of the documents. That got my attention. I usually think of the Schumms owning land and living in Van Wert County, near the settlement named after them, but a few Schumms owned land across the county line, in Mercer County, near Schinnerer’s land.

The documents I found were sworn affidavits by Jacob Schumm, who attested to some family information well as information about another family that I was not expecting to find. A Miami Indian family!

The Shanesville area [now known as Rockford] is rich in Indian history and  I should not have been surprised to see an Indian family mentioned in some records.

Shanesville began as an old Indian trading post, before the War of 1812, located half way between Piqua and Fort Wayne. It was run by a French-Indian known as Anthony Madore, who died in 1815. Anthony Shane, a half-bred Indian and scout for General Anthony Wayne’s army, was given a grant of 640 acres north of town and 320 at the town site. He and his wife lived in a cabin north of town until 1832.

Shanesville was named after Anthony Shane but the post office was called Shane’s Crossing. Shanesville was the first town laid out in Mercer County and was the first seat of justice there. [1] 

At one time there were six Indian reserves in the area around Shanesville and the sections are still known by their reserve names to this day–Labadie, Charley, Black Loon, Crescent, Shane, and Godfroy Reserves. Labadie Reserve and part of Charley Reserve are in Black Creek Township. Friedrich Schinnerer and some Schumms owned land that was once part of this Indian reserve land.

The Treaty of St. Mary’s (aka Treaty with the Miami, 1818) was signed on October 6, 1818, at St. Mary’s, Ohio, between representatives of the United States government, the Miami Tribe of Indians, and others living in their territory. The treaty contained seven articles and Article III created the reserves in the Shanesville area. Based on the terms of the treaty, the Miami ceded much of their land, while the United States granted them the reserves, agreed to pay the Miami a perpetual annuity of fifteen thousand dollars, was to construct one gristmill and one sawmill, to provide one blacksmith, one gunsmith, agricultural implements, and provide the Miami Indians with 160 bushels of salt annually. [2] 

Mercer County, Ohio, Indian Reserves.

Mercer County, Ohio, Indian Reserves.

The Miami was the largest Indian tribe in the state. Most of the Indians starting leaving the area in the 1830s but those that owned property were permitted to remain on their land, under the Treaty of St. Marys. [3] 

So how do the Jacob Schumm affidavits I found at the Recorder’s Office fit in?

Jacob Schumm was actually Jacob Frederick Schumm (1839-1927), son of immigrants George Martin and Maria (Pflueger) Schumm.

In October 1911, Jacob Schumm swore before a Notary Public at Mercer County, Ohio, that he was 73 years of age and had resided in Mercer County, Ohio, for the past 73 years; that he was the son of George Schumm, late of Whitley county of Indiana and a nephew of Frederick Schumm late of said county, who purchased one entire section of land from Samuel McClure on 15 September 1860. That section was known as Charley Reservation, located in Blackcreek and Dublin Townships. [4]

Charley was Chief of the Miami Tribe of Indians, who was granted 640 acres of land, known as the Charley Reserve, by Article III of the Treaty of St. Marys in 1818. The Charley Reserve lies between two other reserves. The Peter Labadie Reserve is to the west, the Crescent Reserve is to the east, and the St. Marys River borders the north end.

To the best of Jacob Schumm’s knowledge, Chief Charley died in Whitley, Indiana, about 1838, still owning the Charley Reserve land. And, to the best of Jacob’s knowledge, from conversations with his father and uncle, Charley’s widow and two children were his only legal representatives and heirs at law.

Jacob did not remember the names of Charley’s heirs or the name of Charley’s widow, except by referencing the deeds. The deeds were referenced in the affidavit:

On 14 August 1851, Sho-pe-quah [Charley's wife] and Kil-so-Quah [Charley's daughter], of Huntington, Indiana, sold the section of land granted to Charley in 1818 to Samuel McClure for $820, as recorded in Vol. Q page 210. The deed indicates that Charley was deceased and that Kil-so-Quah was his only surviving heir at law. On 7 July 1860 Charley’s son Wa-pe-mong-Quah sold his undivided half section of land, the land that was granted to his father in 1818, to Samuel McClure for $400, as recorded in Vol. 2 page 230. That deed also mentions Wa-pe-mong-Quah’s wife, Low-so-Quah.

Mercer County Deed, Wapa-mong-guh to Samuel McClure, Vol. 2:230.

Mercer County Deed, Wa-pe-mong-Quah to Samuel McClure, Vol. 2:230.

After examining the old deeds Jacob was satisfied that Sho-pe-Quah was the widow of Charley and that Kil-so-Quah was a daughter and Wa-Pe-mong-Quah was a son, and that they were Charley’s only legal representatives and heirs at law. [4]

There was a second affidavit about a month later. In November 1911 Jacob Frederick Schumm swore that he was 73 years old, had resided in Mercer County, Ohio, for the past 73 years, and that he was a son of George Schumm, deceased, of Van Wert county, Ohio, who died testate during the year 1871, owning lands including what was an equal three eighths part of a section of land [about 237.06 acres] granted to Charley, a Miami Indian chief of the Miami tribe of Indians by the treaty of St. Marys, 6 October 1818. [5]

Mary, widow of George Schumm, died in 1904 and the following named children were his only legal heirs at law: sons Martin, Jacob F. [deponent], George M., Louis, Jacob G., and Henry G.; daughters Sophia, Anna Rosanna Roehm, and Mary, who died about 1880, who was the wife of Claus Peters. Mary died leaving no issue surviving her and the above named brothers and sisters were her only legal representatives and heirs at law.

Jacob G. Schumm, one of the heirs at law of the said George Schumm, (and brother of this deponent), died intestate about the year 1892 and left the following named children as his only heirs at law: sons Christian, Gerhard, Oswald, Lorenz , and William; daughter Clara, all of LaPorte County, Indiana; also sons Otto, Hugo, and Edwin. He left no widow surviving him entitled to dower in his interest.

The affidavit goes on, most of it confirming that certain persons named in past deeds were one and the same. For example, confirming that Anna Roehm and Rosanna Roehm were the same person. That F.W. Schumm was Ferd W. Schumm. That Jacob Frederick Schumm was J.F. Schumm, That Martin Schumm was Martin J. Schumm, and so on. [6]

Quite a lot of family information is contained in the two affidavits and I was able to glean some new details from them. What great information in those deed books! I never tire of the Recorder’s Office.

 

[1] Joyce L. Alig, Editor, Mercer County, Ohio History 1978 (Dallas, Texas : The Taylor Publishing Company, 1978), 202.

[2] “Treaty of St. Mary’s,” Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_St._Mary%27s : accessed 12 March 2014). Among the items in Article III of the St. Marys Treaty the United States agreed to grant to each of the following Miami Indians by birth and their heirs:

  • To Joseph Richardsville and Joseph Richardsville Jr. two sections of land, being one on each side of the St. Marys River, and below the reservation made on that river by the treaty of Greenville, in 1795.
  • To Wemetche or the Crescent, one section below and adjoining the reservation of Anthony Chesne, on the West side of the St. Mary’s River, and one section immediately opposite to Macultaminqua, or Black Loon.
  • To Keenqualakqu or Long Hair; Aronzon, or Twilight; Pecombequa, or a woman Striking; Aughquamanda or Difficulty; and to Miaghqua, or Now, as joint tenants, five sections.
  • To Francois Godfroy, six sections
  • To Louis Godfroy, six sections of Land, upon the St. Mary’s River, above the Reservation of Anthony Shane.
  • To Charley, a Miami chief, one section of land on the west side of the St. Mary’s River, below the section granted to Wemetche or the Crescent.
  • To two eldest children of Peter Langlois, two sections.
  • To children of Antoine Bondie, two sections.
  • To Francois Lafontaine and his son, two sections.
  • To children of Antoine Rivarre, two sections.
  • To Peter Langlois’ youngest child, one section.
  • To Peter Labadie, one section of land, on the river St. Marys below the section granted to Charley.
  • To son of George Hunt, one section.
  • To Meshenoqua, or Little Turtle, one section.
  • To Josetta Beanbien, one section.
  • To Anna Turner, a half Blooded Miami, one section.
  • To Rebecca Hackley, a half Blooded Miami, one section.
  • To William Wayne Wells, a half blooded Miami, one section.
  • To Mary Wells, a half blooded Miami, one section.
  • To Jane Turner Wells, a half Blooded Miami, one Section.

Signatures, Treaty of St. Marys, 6 October 1818: Jonathan Jennings, Lewis Cass, B. Parke, Peshawa [or Richardville], Osas, Ketauga [or Charley], Metche Keteta [or Big Body], Notawas, Wapapeslea, Tathtenouga, Papskeecha [or Flat Belly], Metosma, Sasakuthka [or Sun], Keosakunga, Koehenna, Sinamahon [or Stone Eater], Cabma, Ameghqua, Nawaushea. The Native Americans signed with their marks. In presence of James Dill, secretary to the commissioners; William Turner, secretary; John Johnson, Indian agent; B. F. Stickney, S. I. A.; John Kenzie, sub-agent; G. Godfroy, sub-agent; John Conner; John F. Swan, major Third U. S. Infantry; Wm. Brunot, lieutenant Third Infantry; Wm. P. Rathbone, army contractor; Wm. Oliver; Joseph Benson, sworn interpreter; Wm. Conner, interpreter; and Antoine Pride, interpreter.

[3]  “Indian Removals in Indiana,” Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_removals_in_Indiana : accessed 12 March 2014).

[4] Mercer County, Ohio, Deeds Vol. 94:258-9, Jacob Schumm Affidavit #3759, 30 October 1911; Recorder’s Office, Celina, Ohio. Sworn and subscribed 30 October 1911, Ed. L. Bryson, Notary Public. Filed and recorded 6 December 1911, H.C. Thomas, recorder.

[5] George Schumm’s land was the center part of the section, commencing 29.63 chains west of the southeast corner of Charley Reservation in town 4 south, range 2 east, Dublin Township, Mercer county, Ohio, thence west 27.75 chains; thence north 99 chains, to a point on the St. Marys River, thence southeasterly following the meandering of said river to a point in said river intersection with the line due north from the place of beginning, containing 237.06 acres of land, more or less, as described in Affidavit #3759, sworn 28 November 1911.

[6] Mercer County, Ohio, Deeds Vol. 94:260-62, Jacob Schumm Affidavit, #3759, 28 November 1911; Recorder’s Office, Celina. Sworn and subscribed 28 November 1911, Ed. L. Bryson, Notary Public. Filed 6 Dec1911, Recorded 6 December 1911, H.C. Thomas, Recorder.

 

 

 

Mar 11

Tombstone Tuesday–Theodore C. & Mollie (Schinnerer) Hofmann

Theodore C. & Mollie Hofmann, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2014 photo by Karen)

Theodore C. & Mollie Hofmann, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2014 photo by Karen)

This is the tombstone of Theodore and Mollie (Schinnerer) Hofmann, located in row 4 of Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. The marker is inscribed:

HOFMANN

Theo. C.
1884-1969

Mollie
1883-1955

Theodore Christian Hofmann was born 21 September 1884 in Pleasant Township, Van Wert County, Ohio, to Jacob J. and Anna (Siegel) Hofmann. [1] He died 25 July 1969 in Convoy and was buried on the 28th. His death record indicates that he was a retired farmer. [2]

According to Zion Schumm’s records Theodore married Amalia Schinnerer on 21 February 1911 at the church parsonage. Witnesses to the marriage were Friedrich Hoffmann and Ora Hofmann. This record also indicates that Theodore was from Pleasant Township.

Theodore & Mollie (Schinnerer) Hofmann.

Theodore & Mollie (Schinnerer) Hofmann.

Amalia “Mollie” Schinnerer was the fourteenth child born to Friedrich and Elisabeth (Schumm) Schinnerer, born on 11 March 1883 in Willshire Township. She was the youngest of their living children. One child was born after her but was stillborn or died at birth. Mollie was baptized 13 March 1883 at the home of her parents just east of Willshire. [The old church records spell her name as Amalie.]  Sponsors at her baptism were Mrs. Martin Schinnerer and Mrs. Ludwig Schumm. Mrs. Ludwig Schumm was my great-grandmother Sarah (Breuninger) Schumm.

Amalia "Mollie" Schinnerer (1883-1955)

Amalia “Mollie” Schinnerer (1883-1955)

Theodore and Mollie had the following children:

Esther Florentina (1912-1998) married Erwin Aumann
Paul Lawrence (1913-1977) married Alda Kellermeier
Velma Laura (1915-2010) married Edgar Ehlerding
Mabel Anna Elisabeth (1920-1935)
Herbert Henry (1922-2009) married Mary Lou Hinen

Theodore and Mollie purchased the 100 acres of land with the brick home that Mollie’s father Friedrich Schinnerer built about 1894. The brick home is east of the Schinnerer home place, about a mile east of Willshire.

Theo & Mollie Hofmann home, former home of Friedrich Schinnerer. (2014 photo by Karen)

Theodore & Mollie Hofmann home, former home of Friedrich Schinnerer. (2014 photo by Karen)

I visited Velma (Hofmann) Ehlerding at her home in New Haven, Indiana, a few years before she died. She shared some old family photos with me and identified some old photos that I had acquired. We had a nice visit as we talked about our ancestors and looked at the old photos.

Obituaries:

Mrs. Theodore Hofmann Dies Suddenly Tuesday; Funeral Services Friday
Mrs. Theodore (Amalia) Hofmann, 72, of one mile east of Willshire, died suddenly at 7 a.m. Tuesday. Mrs. Hofmann lived her entire life in Willshire Twp.

Mrs. Hofmann was born March 11, 1883, a daughter of Frederick and Elizabeth (Schumm) Schinnerer, in Willshire Twp. She was married February 21, 1911, to Theodore C. Hofmann in Zion Lutheran Church at Schumm.

She is survived by the husband; two daughters, Mrs. Erwin W. Aulmann [sic] of Ft. Wayne, Ind., and Mrs. Edger Ehlerding of Decatur, Ind., route one; two sons, Paul of east of Willshire and Herbert H. of Ft. Wayne; two sisters, Mrs. Hannah Scaer of near Willshire and Mrs. Burt B. Balyeat of Altadenna, Calif., and six grandchildren.

Services will be held Friday afternoon at 1:30 at the home and at 2 p.m. at Zion Lutheran Church at Schumm. Rev. Francis Gerken will officiate. Burial will be made in the church cemetery. [3]

Amalia "Mollie" Schinnerer.

Amalia “Mollie” Schinnerer.

Theo. C. Hofmann
Willshire—Theo. C. Hofmann, 84, of Rt. 1, Willshire, died this morning at his residence. He had been in ill health for two years.

His wife, the former Amelia (Mollie) Schinnerer, died in 1955. Mr. Hofmann was a retired farmer.

Survivors include two sons, Paul L. of Rt. 1, Willshire, and Herbert of Fort Wayne; two daughters, Mrs. Erwin (Esther) Auman of Fort Wayne, and Mrs. Edger (Velma) Ahlerding [sic] of Rt. 1, Decatur; two brothers, Henry and Richard, and two sisters, Mrs. Henry (Ora) Harris and Mrs. Olga Posten all of Fort Myers, Fla.; nine grandchildren and one great-grandson.

Funeral arrangements at the Zwick Funeral Home in Decatur are incomplete. [4]

 

[1] “Ohio, County Births, 1841-2003,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VR9P-VD8 : accessed 9 March 2014), Theodore Hoffman, 1884; citing Van Wert, Ohio, Births Vol. 2 (1880-1890), p. 163.

[2] “Ohio, Deaths and Burials, 1854-1997,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F6CJ-NPV : accessed 09 Mar 2014), Theo. C. Hofmann, 25 Jul 1969.

[3] The Willshire Herald, Willshire, Ohio, 23 June 1955, p. 1.

[4] Van Wert Times Bulletin, Van Wert, Ohio, 25 July 1969, p. 2.

Mar 07

Friedrich Schinnerer’s Property

During the 19th century Germans immigrated to America for many reasons. Among the most common reasons were the economic opportunities and the availability of farm land in America. Both of these things were an important part of my great-great-grandfather’s life.

After emigrating from Bavaria in June of 1849 Friedrich Schinnerer settled down and lived the rest of his life in the same general area– the Rockford/Willshire area of Ohio. He first settled in Dublin Township, Mercer County, along the St. Marys River. By August of 1849 he was running John Rhodes’ saw and gristmill there.

Road sign that still bears the name of Rhodes Mill. (2014 photo by Karen)

The Van Wert County road still bears the name of Rhodes Mill. (2014 photo by Karen)

In June 1850 he purchased a little over 115 acres of land and the mill from Rhodes for $3300. The land was located in Section 6 of Dublin Township, about two miles west of Shanesville [now Rockford]. There were three old cabins on the land and he and his family likely occupied one of them. [1]

Friedrich built another mill in about 1859. [2] I do not know if it replaced the original mill or if it was a second mill. His occupation was shown as “flourist” in the 1860 census and he had an apprentice at the mill, John Shum, 18, probably the son of Georg Martin and Anna Maria (Pflüger) Schumm, who died in the Civil War. [3]

Where I believe Shinner's Mill once stood along the St. Marys River. (2014 photo by Karen)

Where I believe Schinner’s Mill once stood along the St. Marys River. (2014 photo by Karen)

In 1860 Friedrich’s 115 acres of farm land was valued at $3000, with 40 improved and 65 unimproved acres. His farm implements were valued at $150 and he had livestock: 6 horses, 5 milk cows, 3 other cattle, 18 sheep, and 47 hogs, all valued at $600. Slaughtered animals were valued at $115. There were 300 bushels of Indian corn, 40 pounds of wool, 1 bushel of peas & beans, 40 bushels of Irish potatoes, 300 pounds of butter, 15 tons of hay, and 12 bushels of flax seed. [4]

During the next few years Friedrich purchased more farm land in that same area of Dublin Township, near the St. Marys River. He eventually owned about 475 acres.

Friedrich and his family still resided in Dublin Township in 1870, but they would not be there much longer. In 1870 his occupation was listed as miller. His real estate was valued at $22,000 and his personal estate at $3470. He was married to Elisabeth Schumm and eight children were in the household. Also in the household was Lewis Schum, age 19, occupation given as farm laborer. This was probably my great-grandfather, Elisabeth’s brother, who was born in 1851. Two other millers lived near the Schinnerers in 1870 and probably worked at Friedrich’s mill–Michael Wagoner, 40, from Pennsylvania and James H. Brookwater, 20, from Ohio. [5]  

At nearly 50 years of age and a miller and farmer for 23 years, Friedrich decided to sell his Mercer County property and move a few miles down the road, near another old town. Closer to the German community where his wife was from and closer to the German Lutheran church they attended. In 1873 he sold the mill and all of his property in Dublin Township and resettled just east of Willshire, a few miles from Schumm.

On 12 March 1873 Friedrich sold five pieces of land, totaling 473 92/100 acres, to Thomas Jefferson “T.J.” Dull for $20,000. The parcels were located in Section 6 as well as in the Black Loon, Charley, and Crescent Reservations. [6] The sale included the gristmill, by then known as Shinner’s Mill. [7] Dull would later build a steam-powered gristmill in Shanesville. That mill, built in 1880, was constructed of brick and used the roller method of processing grain. [8] [9]

In May 1873 Friedrich purchased 140 acres in Section 29 in Willshire Township from William Lamb for $5600. [10] This was once the homestead of Ansel Blossom and was about ½ mile east of Willshire, not all that far from the St. Marys River. Ansel Blossom was one of the early settlers in the Willshire area, arriving in about 1822, and his land purchase in Section 29 was one of the original entries. Ansel taught the first school, was a justice of the peace, and was one of the first postmasters in Willshire.

Friedrich Schinnerer farm in 1882. (former Ansel Blossom farm).

Friedrich Schinnerer farm in 1882, the former Ansel Blossom farm, settled in 1826 . (1882 Van Wert History, p. 237)

Friedrich gradually purchased additional acreage east of Willshire where he eventually owned about 300 acres. Most of the land was in Section 29, with a few acres in Section 30. Friedrich farmed and he and Elisabeth raised their family on the old Blossom farm. They were active members of Zion Lutheran Church at Schumm, just a few miles down the road. They remained at that home for about 20 years.

In December of 1894 Friedrich and Elisabeth Schinnerer sold  the farm, which included the frame home, to their son Henry F. for $1. The farm consisted of 140 acres in Section 29. [11] Henry F. Schinnerer and Louise Schumm married on 1 May 1892 and they moved into the house, where they remained to raise their family. Two of their children, Fred and Lydia, stayed on the old homestead until they passed away in the 1980s. They were the last Schinnerers to own the property. [12]

At the same time in 1894, Friedrich and Elisabeth sold an additional 72 acres to son Henry F. for $1. A portion of this parcel was in Section 30. [13]

Land Friedrich Schinnerer owned in 1886. (Willshire Twp., 1886 Atlas, p. 63.)

Land Friedrich Schinnerer owned in 1886. (Willshire Twp., 1886 Atlas, p. 63.)

It was probably about this time, about 1894, that Friedrich built the brick home, about ½ mile east of the old frame house. Friedrich lived in the brick home until he died in 1905. After Friedrich’s death his widow Elisabeth remained there with their daughter Mollie.

Mollie Schinnerer married Theodore C. Hofmann on 21 February 1911 and in March 1911 they purchased the 100 acres with the brick home for $8662.50 from the other heirs of Friedrich Schinnerer. [14] Elisabeth Schinnerer remained in the brick home until her death in 1917 and the Hofmanns went on to raise their family there.

Friedrich Schinnerer died 5 February 1905 at his home east of Willshire. His son Henry was the executor of his estate, which amounted to $24,928. After the funeral costs and debts were paid and a special legacy of $4500 was given to Amalia [Mollie] Schinnerer, Friedrich’s heirs divided $19,453. Children Lena Huffman, Clara Gunsett, Hannah Scaer, Lizzie Scaer, Sophia Gunsett, Emma Balyeat, and Amalia Schinnerer each received one-eighth. Grandchildren [children of Rosina Schumm, deceased] Clara Deitrich, Minnie Huffman, John, Hannah, August, Willilam, Matilda, and Joseph Schumm each received one-sixty-fourth. Son Henry F. had already received 212 acres of land for $2 and did not receive anything from the estate. [15]

Yes, Friedrich Schinnerer did very well for himself in America. He was an immigrant who came to America with hardly anything but skill, determination, and the willingness to work hard. He was a miller and a  farmer who owned nearly 800 acres of land and a prosperous milling operation during his lifetime. He raised livestock and one record indicated that he was an attorney at law, although that is the first time I ever heard that. This Christian couple raised a large family, although they endured the loss of several children.

Yes, Friedrich was successful in many ways.

[1] Mercer County, Ohio, 1853 Plat Book, Dublin Township, Section 6, p. 315 A & B, Fredrick Schinnerer; Recorder’s Office, Celina. A map of the mill’s location: http://www.karenmillerbennett.com/schinnerer/friedrich-schinnerer-the-flourist/

[2] Sutton, History of Van Wert and Mercer Counties, Ohio, (1882; reprint, Mt. Vernon, Indiana : Windmill Publications, Inc., 1991), 254.

[3] 1860 U.S. Census, Dublin, Mercer County, Ohio, p. 42, dwelling 296, family 300, Frederick Shimer; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 February 2014); from Family History Library Microfilm 805009,  from National Archives microfilm M653, roll 1009.

[4] 1860 U.S. Agricultural Schedule, Dublin, Mercer County, Ohio, p. 13, line 22, Frederick Shiner; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com ( http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 26 February 2014); NARA microfilm publication T1159, roll 24.

[5] 1870 U.S. census, Dublin, Mercer County, Ohio, ED? p. 32, dwelling 239, family 241, Fredrick Shiner; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 26 February 2014); FHL film 552742, NARA microfilm M593, roll 1243.

[6] Mercer County Deeds, Book 19:521-22, Courthouse—Recorder’s Office, Celina, Ohio; Frederick Shinerer to Thomas Jefferson Dull, 12 March 1873.

[7] McConahy, Map of Mercer County Ohio, (1888; reprint as Mercer County, Ohio Combined Atlases, Mt. Vernon, Indiana : Windmill Publications, Inc., 1999), 16. The mill was still known as Shinner’s Mill as late as 1876.

[8] Griffing, Atlas of Mercer County, Ohio, (1888; reprint as Mercer County, Ohio Combined Atlases, Mt. Vernon, Indiana : Windmill Publications, Inc., 1999), 10, 23. [This source lists T.J. Dull as a manufacturer and dealer in roller process flour, feed, corn, meal, etc., and dealer in all kinds of grain.]

[9] Sutton, History of Van Wert and Mercer Counties, Ohio, (1882; reprint, Mt. Vernon, Indiana : Windmill Publications, Inc., 1991), 411. [This source lists T.J. Dull & Co. as proprietors of steam grist-mill, erected in 1880, a brick building, sixty-five horse-power engine, and employs four men. J.P. Dysert, proprietor of two workhouses in this town and one at Mercer, handles about 150,000 bushels of grain annually, is also dealer in general goods; commenced store business in 1872 and opened grain trade in 1878.]

[10] Van Wert Deeds, Book 4:466-7, Courthouse—Recorder’s Office, Van Wert, Ohio; William Lamb to Frederick Shinnerer, 16 May 1873.

[11] Van Wert Deeds, Book 48:144, Courthouse—Recorder’s Office, Van Wert, Ohio; Frederick & Elisabeth Schinnerer to Henry F. Schinnerer, 20 December 1894.

[12] Photos of the farm in 1906 and 2001: http://www.karenmillerbennett.com/schinnerer/tombstone-tuesday-henry-f-louise-m-schumm-schinnerer/

[13] Van Wert Deeds, Book 37:149, Courthouse—Recorder’s Office, Van Wert, Ohio; Frederick & Elisabeth Schinnerer to Henry F. Schinnerer, 20 December 1894.

[14] Van Wert Deeds, Book 85: 158, Courthouse—Recorder’s Office, Van Wert, Ohio; 13 March 1911.

[15] Frederick Schinnerer will & estate, Van Wert County probate file 4220, Vol. 1327: 510-539; microfilm at Van Wert, Ohio, Courthouse Annex. [Friedrich stated in his will that he had already given each of his children who were of full age the sum of at least $4500. His will was written in 1900 and Amalia “Mollie” was not of age at that time. Also, “…should I advance her [Mollie] any sums and charge her with the same in my account of advancements, such sums are to be subtracted from the amount of this bequest.”]

 

Mar 04

Tombstone Tuesday–Henry F. & Louise M. (Schumm) Schinnerer

Henry F., Louise M., Lydia A. Schinnerer, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2012 photo by Karen)

Henry F., Louise M., Lydia A. Schinnerer, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2012 photo by Karen)

This is the tombstone of Henry F. and Louise M. (Schumm) Schinnerer and their daughter Lydia A. Schinnerer, located in row 4 of Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. The marker is inscribed:

SCHINNERER

Henry F.
1867-1952

 Louise M.
1870-1952

 Lydia A.
1897-1985

Heinrich Friedrich Schinnerer, known as Henry F., was the fourth child born to Friedrich and Elisabeth (Schumm) Schinnerer, born 2 May 1867 in Dublin Township, Mercer County, Ohio. He was baptized at Zion Lutheran, Schumm, on 19 May 1867 and his sponsors were Friedrich Schumm Jr. (son of Georg Schumm ) and Heinrich [unreadable in the church records].

Henry F. Schinnerer (1867-1952)

Henry F. Schinnerer (1867-1952)

Henry’s father owned and operated a gristmill on the St. Marys River west of Shanesville [known as Rockford today]. When Henry was five years old his family moved to Van Wert County, about ½ mile east of Willshire, where he resided the rest of his life. This was the same home his father Friedrich purchased about 1872, the home where three generations of Schinnerers would live over the years. Henry was a farmer, raised livestock, and was a life-long member of Zion Lutheran Church, Schumm.

Henry Schinner, c1910.

Henry Schinnerer with bull, c1910.

Henry married Maria “Louise” Schumm on 1 May 1892 at Zion Schumm. They were both members of Zion’s parish and they had attended school together.

Henry Schinnerer & Louise Schumm, marriage 1 May 1892.

Henry Schinnerer & Louise Schumm, marriage 1 May 1892.

Louise was the third child born to Jacob “Frederick” and Maria (Germann) Schumm. She was born 15 December 1870 in Dublin Township and was baptized at Zion Schumm on 26 December 1870. Sponsors at her baptism were Maria Schumm and Eva Maria Germann.

Henry Schinnerer home east of Willshire, 1906.

Henry Schinnerer home east of Willshire, 1906.

Louise died of a stroke on 22 July 1952 at their home near Willshire, at the age of 81 years, 7 months, and 7 days. She was buried on the 26th in Zion Cemetery. Henry died at their home a few months later, on 10 September 1952, at the age of 85 years, 4 months, and 8 days. He was buried in Zion Cemetery on 13 September.

Henry and Louise Schinnerer had the following children:

Georg Wilhelm Joseph “William” (1893-1963) married Martha Juliana Louisa Schinnerer
Emma Maria (1895-1896)
Lydia Amalia (1897-1985)
Frederick Heinrich (1904-1984)
Heinrich Frederick (1907-1908)

Mrs. Louise Schinnerer Succumbs Following a Cerebral Hemorrhage
Funeral services for Mrs. Louise M. Schinnerer, 81, who died early Tuesday morning at her home east of Willshire, will be held this afternoon at 2:30 o’clock at the home and at 3 o’clock at Zion Lutheran Church in Schumm, Rev. Werner P. Kuhlberg officiating. Burial will be in the church cemetery in charge of Zwick Funeral Home of Decatur, Ind.

Mrs. Schinnerer suffered a cerebral hemorrhage last Friday and had been in critical condition since.

She was born December 15, 1870, in Mercer County, a daughter of Fed and Mary Germann-Schumm, and had resided in Willshire Twp. since her marriage to Henry Schinnerer May 1, 1892. She was a member of the Zion Lutheran Church.

Surviving in addition to the husband are two sons, William of Ft. Wayne, Ind., and Fred, at home; one daughter, Miss Lydia Schinnerer at home; four brothers, George Schumm of Orange, Calif., Charles, Philip and Ferdinand Schumm, all of near Rockford; and three sisters, Mrs. Steve Germann of near Ft. Wayne, Mrs. Otto Germann and Mrs. Fred Week, of near Van Wert. One son and one daughter are deceased. [1]

Schinnerer homestead as it looks today.

Schinnerer homestead. (2001 photo by Karen)

Henry F. Schinnerer Claimed by Death; Rites To Be Held Saturday
Henry F. Schinnerer, 85, retired farmer, died at his farm home one and one-half miles east of here Wednesday at 1 p.m. following an extended illness. He had been bedfast two weeks.

He was a son of Frederick and Elizabeth Schumm Schinnerer and was born May 2, 1867, near Rockford, where his father operated the Schinnerer grist mill. On May 2, 1892, he was married to Louise Schumm. The couple went to housekeeping at the present home, where they celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary in May of this year.

He was a member of Zion Lutheran Church at Schumm. His wife, Louise, died July 22.

Surviving are two sons, William of Ft. Wayne, Ind., and Fred at home; a daughter, Miss Lydia Schinnerer, at home, and three sisters, Mrs. Hannah Scare and Mrs. T.C. Hoffman, both of Willshire Twp., and Mrs. B.B. Balyeat of Altadena, Calif.

Services will be conducted at 2:30 p.m. Saturday at the residence and at 3 p.m. at Zion Lutheran Church at Schumm with Rev. W.P. Kuhlberg, pastor, officiating. Burial will be in the church cemetery.

Zwick Funeral Home of Decatur, Ind., will return the body to the residence, where friends may call after 8 p.m. today. [2]

Their daughter Lydia is buried next to her parents. Lydia Amalia Schinnerer was born 21 November 1897 in Willshire Township. She was baptized 5 December 1897 at home, with Mrs. Rosine Germann and Amalia Schinnerer as sponsors. Lydia died 29 December 1985, at the age of 88 years, 1 month, and 8 days.

Siblings Fred and Lydia resided in the Schinnerer home east of Willshire until their deaths.

 

[1] The Willshire Herald, Willshire, Ohio, 24 July 1952, p.1.

[2] The Willshire Herald, Willshire, Ohio, 11 September 1952, p. 1.

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