Oct 21

Photos of Maria (Pflueger) Schumm

While looking through some old Schumm and Germann photos I noticed a photo of a group of women, one of the women being Maria (Pflueger) Schumm (1820-1903), the wife of George Martin Schumm.

A few years ago I thought there were only one or two photos of Maria, but over time I have gathered several photos of her.

The photo below was one of Velma Schumm’s photos and Maria (Pflueger) Schumm is the oldest woman in the photo, the lady on the far right. The photo is also labeled on the back: Aunt Mary Weck, Aunt Ida, Grandma, Molly?, Aunt Anna Schumm, and great-grandmother Schumm.

Written on the back: Aunt Mary Weck, Aunt Ida, Grandma, Molly ?, Aunt Anna Schumm, Great-grandma Schumm.

Written on the back: Aunt Mary Weck, Aunt Ida, Grandma, Molly ?, Aunt Anna Schumm, Great-grandmother Schumm.

Only six names, but there are seven women in the photo. Darn. There was a space between the names Aunt Ida and Grandma, so maybe that is the unidentified person.

Who are the rest of these women?

Aunt Mary Weck would be Velma’s Aunt Clara Maria “Mary” (Schumm) Weck (1879-1971), who married Frederick Weck.

Aunt Ida would be Velma’s Aunt Ida Carolina Margaretha Schumm (1877-1914). She was a sister to Velma’s father Philip and she never married.

Next might be the unidentified woman, whose name was left out.

Grandma would be Velma’s grandmother Maria (Germann) Schumm (1847-1915), wife of Jacob Frederick Schumm. She would have been Maria (Pflueger) Schumm’s daughter-in-law.

Who is Molly, written with a question mark after her name? If Velma didn’t know Molly’s last name I am sure I don’t know it either. Velma was very good at labeling her photos. Possibly Mollie Schinnerer (1883-1955), daughter of Friedrick & Elizabeth (Schumm) Schinnerer? Or possibly Amalia Clara German (1884-1969), daughter of and Hannah (Schumm) Germann, who would marry Charles Schumm?

Aunt Anna Schumm. I am not sure who this would be. Could it have been Velma’s Aunt Jeanetta Ann (Bury) Schumm (1875-1916), wife of Charles/CJ Schumm? Or could she be Anna Elizabeth Rosina (Schumm) Germann (1868-1954), who married Stephen Germann? However, she usually went by the name of Rosina. Note: Stephen and Rosina Germann were the parents of Edna and Viola Germann, another good source of family photos I use quite often.

Great-grandmother Schumm would be Maria (Pflueger) Schumm.

Maria (Pflueger) Schumm (1820-1903) w/o Geo Martin Schumm, d/o Christian Pflueger

Maria (Pflueger) Schumm (1820-1903) w/o Geo Martin Schumm, d/o Christian Pflueger

Maria (Pflueger) Schumm was born 20 June 1820 in Germany and died 25 March 1903 in Van Wert County, Ohio.

Maria (Pflueger) Schumm

Maria (Pflueger) Schumm

Maria was the daughter of J. Christian and Anna Barbara (Sekel) Pflueger. The Pfluegers were from Schrozberg and the parents emigrated with their six children in 1832. They first settled in Holmes County, Ohio, before moving to Van Wert County, near Schumm, a few years later.

This immigration story is very similar to that of the Schumm’s. The Schumms immigrated in 1833 and also lived in Holmes County a few years before moving to Van Wert County. In fact, the two families intermarried—two Pflueger sisters married two Schumm brothers. Maria married George Martin Schumm and her sister Anna Barbara married George Ludwig Schumm, my great-great-grandparents.

Maria Pflueger and George Martin Schumm married 1 May 1838 in Holmes County. [1]

George Martin & Maria (Pflueger) Schumm.

George Martin & Maria (Pflueger) Schumm.

Maria Pflueger Schumm (1820-1903)

Maria Pflueger Schumm

Maria (Pflueger) (1820-1903) & George Martin Schumm (1812-1871)

Maria (Pflueger) &  husband George Martin Schumm

When put together, this makes a nice collection of photos of Maria, my second great-grandaunt. Since I do not have any photos of her sister Barbara, who was my great-grandmother, I like to think that perhaps they looked alike, which gives me an idea of what Barbara might have looked like.

 

[1] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1994,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 24 Nov 2013), George Schumm and Mary Pfluger, 01 May 1838; Holmes County, Ohio, Marriages, Vol. 2 1831-1867, p.44; FHL microfilm 477144.

 

Oct 18

Tombstone Tuesday–Harold E. & Berneice F. (Becher) Stetler

Harold & Berneice (Becher) Stetler, Riverside Cemetery, Rockford, Dublin Twp, Ohio. (2016 photo by Karen)

Harold & Berneice (Becher) Stetler, Riverside Cemetery, Rockford, Dublin Twp, Ohio. (2016 photo by Karen)

This is the tombstone of Harold E. and Berneice F. (Becher) Stetler, located in Riverside Cemetery, Rockford, Ohio. The marker is inscribed:

STETLER

Berneice F.
1915-2008

Harold E.
1914-2008

Married Feb. 15, 1936

Harold Eugene Stetler was born in Van Wert County, Ohio, on 18 June 1914, the son of Roy H. and Blanche O. (Koontz) Stetler.

Harold grew up on a farm near Willshire and his father was a farmer. His father Roy was born in Willshire Township in 1893, the son of George Henry and Clara Jane (Hileman) Stetler. His mother Blanche was born in Ohio, the daughter of C.B. and Hattie J. (Hoblit) Koontz.  Roy and Blanche married 27 November 1913 in Van Wert County, Ohio. It is interesting that they were married by Rev. A.M. Johnson, the same minister who officiated at the marriage of Harold and Berneice 23 years later. [1] [2]

In 1920 the Stetler family lived in Willshire Township and in the household were Roy H, 26; Blanch O, 25, and Harold Eugene, 5. [3]

The family remained in Willshire Township and their household in 1930: Roy, 37; Blanch, 35, Harold, 16. Also living with them were Roy’s divorced sister Annis Weinman, 33, and her son Richard D. Weinman, 4. [4]

Harold Stetler married Berneice Becher on 15 February 1936. They were married by A.M. Johnson of Huntington, Indiana, but they have a Mercer County marriage license and return. Their marriage was not recorded in the Zion Chatt’s records. Berneice was a minor and had her parents’ consent. [2]

Berneice Friedericka Becher was born in Liberty Township, Mercer County, Ohio, on 26 May 1915, the daughter of William and Katharine (Schaadt) Becher. She was baptized at Zion Chatt on 18 July 1915 with John F. Becher and Mrs. Friedericka Becher as her sponsors. Berneice was confirmed at Zion Chatt on 24 March 1929 by Rev. J.E. Albrecht.

1929 Confirmation class, Zion Lutheran, Chattanooga, OH.

1929 Confirmation class, Zion Lutheran, Chattanooga, OH.

In the photo above Berneice Becher is girl seated on the left side. Those in the 1929 confirmation photo, left to right, seated: Morris Huffman, Berneice Becher, Rev. Albrecht, Pauline McGough, Waldo Brandt. Middle row: John Albrecht, Herb Brandt, Vernon Caffee, Elihu Davison, Werner Becher. Back row: Reginald Fisher, Paul McGough, Charles Strabel, Luther Bollenbacher.

Berneice’s church confirmation record indicates she was born in 1914, but her church baptism record indicates the year was 1915.

In 1940, four years after their marriage, Harold, 25, and Berniece, 24, lived on a farm they rented south of Willshire. They had their only child by this time, their son Ronald, age 2. Also in the household were Harold’s father Roy, 47, and mother, listed as Hattie F. Koontz, age 46. Harold was listed as the head of the household. Harold and his parents had lived in the same house in 1935 but Berniece had lived in Mercer County in 1935. [5] It is likely that Harold and Berneice had moved in with Harold’s parents after their marriage and were living with them.

Harold was a farmer, according to his marriage license and census enumerations. He joined Zion Chatt on 15 April 1945. He had been a member of the Willshire Methodist church.

Harold and Berneice were one of the longest-married couples at our church, married over 70 years.

Harold & Berneice Stetler, 65th wedding Anniversary, 2001.

Harold & Berneice Stetler, 65th wedding Anniversary, 2001, Zion Chatt.

I remember Harold and Berneice very well. They were at church services nearly every Sunday, always with smiles on their faces.  Such a pleasant sweet couple. I don’t know where the nickname came from, but nearly everyone called him Mike.

Harold Stetler died 7 April 2008 at the age of 93 at the Van Wert County Hospital. He was buried on the 11th with Rev. Randall Swanson in charge of the service.

Berneice (Becher) Stetler died less than five months later, on 27 August 2008, at the Laurels of Shane Hill, Rockford. She was also 93 years old. Berneice was the last surviving member of her immediate family.

I was a little surprised when I noticed that Harold and Berniece were not buried in Zion Chatt’s cemetery. When we drove to Riverside Cemetery to get a photo of their tombstone I noticed that they are buried next to Harold’s parents.

Harold & Berneice Stetler buried next to his parents, Roy & Blanch Stetler. (2016 photo by Karen)

Harold & Berneice Stetler buried next to his parents, Roy & Blanch Stetler. (2016 photo by Karen)

 

[1] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 15 Oct 2016), Roy H. Stetler and Blanche O. Koontz, 27 Nov 1913; Van Wert, Ohio, Marriages Vol. 14, p.253; FHL microfilm 1015865.

[2] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 15 Oct 2016), Harold E Stetler and Berneice Becher, 15 Feb 1936; Mercer, Ohio, Marriages Vol. 14, p.301; FHL microfilm 2366955.

[3] 1920 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 146, p.6B, dwelling 131, family 132, Roy H Stettler; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : accessed 15 Oct 2016); from NARA microfilm T625, roll 1446.

[4] 1930 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 24, p.1A, dwelling/family 13, Ray H Stetler; digital im age by subscription, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : accessed 15 Oct 2016); from FHL microfilm 2341624, from NARA microfilm T626, roll 1890.

[5] 1940 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 81-28, p.9A, line 39, Harold E. Stetler; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : accessed 15 Oct 2016); from NARA microfilm T627, roll 3163.

Oct 14

East Bethel Church

As I wrote this week’s Tombstone Tuesday about Buress and Leona (Becher) McBride I was reminded of East Bethel Church, a local church that no longer exists, and one of its former pastors. The McBrides were members of East Bethel Church, a church that was located just a couple miles east of where I grew up.

East Bethel Church is no longer standing. They tore it down around 1967 but I remember it when it stood just west of its cemetery, named East Bethel Cemetery.

The church was located on State Route 707, 2½ miles east of State Route 49, east of the intersection of State Route 707 and Wabash Road. It was in Section 34 of Blackcreek Township, Mercer County, Ohio.

Below is an old photo of East Bethel Church, probably not long before it was torn down. The congregation was disbanded in 1963 and the church looks like it was not in use when this photo was taken. Note the cemetery in the background, to the left.

East Bethel Church, Blackcreek Township, Mercer County, Ohio.

East Bethel Church, Blackcreek Township, Mercer County, Ohio.

East Bethel church was organized in 1855 as a Liberal United Brethren church.

The congregation began when Rev. Gillen held services for a group of people in a small log cabin a short distance from where the church would later be built. Gillen came from the old Miami Conference and had also organized the United Brethren Church at Montezuma in 1845. Jane Reichert, Altie Hill Lower, and Mrs. Richards, relatives of the Montezuma Class but lived in Blackcreek Township, recorded the information about East Bethel Church.

The class was organized 2 June 1860, in the home of Mother Henderson, with the assistance of Ms. King. Rev. Abe Miller and Rev. John Hill were the organizers of the class and Rev. Miller was the first pastor. One of the first Bible readers was a man named Martz.

The church was first named Mt. Pleasant, but since there were seven other churches named Pleasant in the area they dropped the name Pleasant and began using the name Bethel in 1884. Over the years it was known by several names–Mt. Pleasant, Pleasant-Bethel until 1884, Bethel Brethren, and finally East Bethel.

East Bethel Church, Blackcreek Township, Mercer County, Ohio.

East Bethel Church, Blackcreek Township, Mercer County, Ohio.

East Bethel was first part of the old Maumee Conference, then part of the Auglaize Conference, the Sandusky Conference, and finally the Ohio Sandusky Conference.

Names on record of the church include Harb, Martz, Marks, Gause, Shindledecker, King, Henderson, Jordan, Summers, Cremean, Cartwright, Carpenter, Carr, Stober, Skinner, Andress, Leistner, Johnson, Roebuck, Counterman, Miller, and Slusser.  Rev. Thomas Coates was mentioned in 1867. [1]

Land for the church was purchased for $5 from Henry C. Morrison by the church trustees in September 1886. [2] At that time Bethel was part of the Pleasant Grove circuit of the Auglaize Conference.

In 1909 the trustees purchased additional land from John and Barbara Leistner to enlarge the church lot. Trustees at that time were Andrew Harb, W.E. Counterman, Peter D. Cross, and J.J. Carr.

East Bethel Cemetery, Blackcreek Township, Mercer County, Ohio. (2016 photo by Karen)

East Bethel Cemetery, Blackcreek Township, Mercer County, Ohio. (2016 photo by Karen)

East Bethel, one of seven churches once located in Blackcreek Township, closed its doors closed 30 June 1963. The last church members were Lillian Martz Carr, Edwin & Naomi Counterman, Lloyd & Florence Gause, Iris Roebuck Putman, Buress McBride, Lola Purdy Fisher, Zoa Miller Groth, Melvin & Mary Counterman Hull, Marie Counterman Schnarre, Nellie Purdy Cross, Carl Cross, Laura Wolf Counterman, Lucille Gause, Beatrice Gause Huston, John & Icy Gehm, and Melville & Louise Gehm. Each family was descended from the original members. [1]

Very few of their church records exist today and those that do are probably held by a several individuals.

Leona McBride’s obituary indicates that Rev. Delbert Cress was in charge of her funeral service. I did not know Rev. Cress but I did know his wife, Juanita Cress. She was one of my teachers and I spent all four of my high school years at Parkway High School in one of her her algebra and/or geometry classes.

Juanita Cress, algebra & geometry teacher at Parkway High School in the 1960s.

Juanita Cress, algebra & geometry teacher at Parkway High School in the 1960s.

I really liked algebra (geometry, not so much) and I enjoyed Mrs. Cress’ classes. I actually did very well in her classes. It must have been a challenge for her to try to explain x, y, and z to a class full of teenage high school students, knowing that a good number of them probably did not really want to be in the class. But her classes were among my favorites.

 

[1] Information from by Florence Gause, acquired from church history, notes from conference records, early Ohio history accounts.

[2] Mercer County Deeds, Vol. 52:365, Recorder’s Office, Celina, Ohio.

Oct 11

Tombstone Tuesday–Buress B. & Leona L. (Becher) McBride

Buress & Leona McBride, East Bethel Cemetery, Mercer County, Ohio. (2016 photo by Karen)

Buress & Leona McBride, East Bethel Cemetery, Mercer County, Ohio. (2016 photo by Karen)

This is the tombstone of Buress B. and Leona L. (Becher) McBride, located in row 4 of East Bethel Cemetery, Blackcreek Township, Mercer County, Ohio. The marker is inscribed:

McBride
Leona L.
1900-1962

Buress B.
1898-1977

Buress B. McBride was born in Blackcreek Township, Mercer County, Ohio, on 24 October 1898, the son of James E. and Mary J. (Williams) McBride. His name looks like “Burros Burrce McBride on his probate birth record. [1]

Buress grew up on a farm in Blackcreek Township and his father was a farmer. Buress was actually the second child born to James and Mary McBride. The 1900 census indicates that Mary had given birth to two children and his older sister was Bessie McBride, born in February 1896. Bessie was not enumerated with the family in the 1910 census. The 1900 census also indicates the parents had been married five years and that both were born in Ohio. [2]

The James McBride family still resided in Blackcreek Township in 1910. In the household: James E, 37; Mary, 33; Buress B, 11; Jesse, 8; William E, 4; and Wariam [?] Williams, 17, their “hand.” The road they lived on looks like Centenary Road and was near Brandt Pike. I am not sure what road that would have been. They lived fairly close to Andrew Kallenberger and Frederick Allmandinger. [3]

Buress’ World War I Draft Registration card spells his name another way: Buress Buree McBride. Buress was a farmer at that time, with a Rockford address. He had brown hair and eyes, slender build, and medium height. [4]

Buress McBride married Leona Becher on 21 June 1924 at Zion Lutheran Church in Chatt. They were married by Rev. J.E. Albrecht and his wife Clara served as their witness. Buress’ name was recorded as Burros Buress McBride and he was a teacher and 25 years old. Leona, 23, was a housekeeper. [5]

Leona Louise Becher was born in Liberty Township near Chatt on 5 December 1900, the second of eight children born to William P. and Katharine S. (Schaadt) Becher. Leona was baptized at Zion Chatt on 23 December 1900 with Philip Deitsch and Louisa Deitsch as her sponsors. Leona was confirmed at Zion Chatt on 30 May 1915 by Rev. WFH Heuer.

In 1930 Buress and Leona lived in Blackcreek Township, on what looks like Eichler Pike. They owned their home on a farm and Buress was a public school teacher. In the household: Burris B, 31; Leona L, 29; Leland C, 4; and Lois H, 1. [6]

In 1940 the family lived in a rented home on 1015 Holgate Street in Defiance, Ohio, where Buress was an elementary school teacher. They reported that they had lived in rural Mercer County in 1935, so they had moved to Defiance within the past five years. This enumeration tells us that Buress had completed 4 years of college, was not a veteran, and that his income was $1300. In the household was Buress, 41; Leona, 39; Leland, 14; and Lois, 11. [7]

In 1947 Buress was the school principal in Defiance and they lived at 138 Session Street. [8]

I found a photo of Buress McBride on-line. The photo was taken in 1950 at West Elementary School in Coldwater, Ohio. He was the teacher of grades 5, 6, 7, and 8 there. [9]

Buress McBride, Coldwater Elementary School, 1950.

Buress McBride, Coldwater Elementary School, 1950.

Leona McBride died on 3 September 1962 in Celina, Ohio, at the age of 61. [10]

Obituary:

Leona (Becher) McBride
Rockford—Funeral arrangements for Mrs. Leona (Becher) McBride, 62, Rt. 1, Rockford, who died at 5:45 a.m. Monday at the home of her daughter, will be at 1:30 p.m. Thursday in the East Bethel E.U.B. Church, near here. The Rev. Delbert Cress will officiate. Burial will be in the church cemetery.

Mrs. McBride was born in Rockford on Dec. 5, 1900 and resided in this community all her life except for 10 years that she lived in Defiance. She was a member of the East Bethel E.U.B. Church.

Survivors include her husband Buress, a daughter Mrs. Lois Squire, Celina, a son, Leland McBride of Rt. 5, Celina; eight grandchildren, a brother, Lester Becher of Monroe, Ind., four sisters, Mrs. Hugo Willrath of Rt. 2, Rockford, Mrs. Alger Eley and Mrs. Donald Stephenson, both of Celina, and Mrs. Harold Stetler of Rt. 1, Willshire.

Friends may call at Ketcham Funeral Home after 10:30 a.m. Wednesday and until 11:30 a.m. Thursday when the body will be removed to the church. [11]

Buress McBride died 30 November 1977 at a long term care facility in Mercer County, at the age of 79 years. [12]

Obituary:

Buress B. McBride
Rockford—Buress B. McBride, 79, of Rt. 1 died at 3:05 p.m. Wednesday in Shane Hill Nursing Home. Survivors include a son, Leland, of Celina, a daughter, Mrs. George (Lois) Squire of Celina, eight grandchildren, 12 great-grandchildren, and two brothers, Harold of Cleveland and Donald of Brookville.

Services will be at 1:30 p.m. Saturday in Ketcham-Ripley Funeral Home. Burial will be in East Bethel Cemetery. Friends may call after 1:30 p.m. Friday at the funeral home. [13]

Burris and Leona had the following children:
Leland (1926-), married Clara E. Borgerding
Lois H. (1928-2004), married George W. Squire

 

[1] “Ohio, County Births, 1841-2003,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 8 Oct 2016), Burros Burrce Mcbride, 24 Oct 1898; from Blackcreek Twp, Mercer Co Birth Registers, Vol. 3, p.140; FHL microfilm 914953.

[2] 1900 U.S. Census, Blackcreek, Mercer, Ohio, ED 74, p.6B, dwelling/family 131, E Mcbride; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : 8 Oct 2016); FHL microfilm 1241303, NARA microfilm T623, roll 1303.

[3] 1910 U.S. Census, Blackcreek, Mercer, Ohio, ED 107, p.5A, dwelling/family 93, James E Mcbride; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : 8 Oct 2016); FHL microfilm 1375227, NARA microfilm T624, roll 1214.

[4] “United States WWI Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 8 Oct 2016), Buress Buree McBride, 12 Sep 1918; from Mercer County NARA microfilm publication M1509, NARA; FHL microfilm 1832519.

[5] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 8 Oct 2016), Buress B McBride & Leona Becher, 21 Jun 1924; from Mercer Marriages, Vol. 12, p.289; FHL microfilm 2366955.

[6] 1930 U.S. Census, Black Creek, Mercer, Ohio, ED 1, p.2A, dwelling & family 32, Burris B Mcbryde; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : accessed 8 Oct 2016); FHL microfilm 2341584, NARA microfilm T626m roll 1850.

[7] 1940 U.S. Census, Defiance, Defiance, Ohio, ED 20-5, p6A. line 14, Buress McBride; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : accessed 8 Oct 2016); from NARA microfilm T627, roll 3061.

[8] U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995, database on-line, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : accessed 8 Oct 2016); 1947 Defiance, Ohio, City Directory, p.277.

[9] U.S., School Yearbooks, 1880-2012, database on-line, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : accessed 8 Oct 2016); Coldwater High School, Coldwater, Ohio, 1850.

[10] “Ohio Death Index, 1908-1932, 1938-1944, and 1958-2007,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 8 Oct 2016), Leona L Mcbride, 30 Nov 1977; vol. 17032, cert no. 683221, OHS, Columbus, ODOH, State Vital Statistics Unit.

[11] The Lima News, Lima, Ohio, 4 Sep 1962, p.2, Leona Becher McBride; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com.

[12] “Ohio Death Index, 1908-1932, 1938-1944, and 1958-2007,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 8 Oct 2016), Buress B Mcbride, 30 Nov 1977; vol. 23070, cert no. 083592, OHS, Columbus, ODOH, State Vital Statistics Unit.

[13] The Lima News, Lima, Ohio, 1 December 1977, p.4, Buress B. McBride; digital image by subscription, Ancestry.com.

Oct 07

Help Please! What are These?

Joe recently found an unusual set of items. We have never seen anything like them before although we have an idea of what they may have been used for.

Salt glazed nesting cups.

Salt glazed nesting cups.

It is a set of five triangle-shaped salt-glazed nesting cups. I very much like salt glazed pottery and these unique cups make a nice addition to my collection. They have a crude hand-made quality and a very rough surface.

Salt glazed nesting cups.

Salt glazed nesting cups.

The largest cup in the set even has the manufacturer’s name stamped into it. It is difficult to make out but it looks like Goebel Sch…

Were they made in America or could they have come from Germany?

Salt glazed nesting cups.

Salt glazed nesting cups.

Although Joe found the set in an old trunk, someone took the time and effort to place a little wad of newspaper between each cup, as a cushion so they would not get broken. That definitely sounds like something my grandma Schumm or my mom would do. They both took very good care of their household items and that trait was probably handed down to them from someone else in the family. So these little cups may even predate my grandmother. Perhaps they were used in the second half of the 19th century by one of my Schumm, Scaer, or Breuninger ancestors. Who knows how old these little cups are and who carefully stored them away in the old trunk.

I carefully unfolded the little wads of newspaper and saw that some of the print was in English and one piece of paper was in German. There was a date of February 1860 for what appeared to be a notice for the sale of some property. I also saw the names New York and Massachusetts. Those were printed in English. Hamilton, Ohio, was printed on the German paper. We will probably never know what they were reading or where the papers came from.

The largest cup is 4.5 inches tall and holds 1½ cups (12 oz). The next cup is 3¾ inches tall and holds 5 oz. The middle one is 3 inches tall and holds 2 oz. The second smallest cup is 2¼ inches tall and holds ¾ oz. The smallest cup is 1¾ inches and holds ¼ oz.

Salt glazed nesting cups.

Salt glazed nesting cups.

I am guessing that they were measuring cups for the kitchen. How else did women measure when they baked? Considering their shape, it would have been easy to pour liquids from them. But they are rather heavy and bulky.

Salt glazed nesting cups.

Salt glazed nesting cups.

Or, could they have been used in the barn, for the animals? Or for measuring something for the farm?

I would sure like to hear from anyone who knows what these little cups were used for or if anyone has seen anything like them before.

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