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Nov 19

Tombstone Tuesday–Johann Georg Schumm

Johann Georg Schumm, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2011 photo by Karen)

Johann Georg Schumm, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2011 photo by Karen)

This is the tombstone of Johann Georg Schumm, located in row 5 of Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. His sandstone marker is still very readable and is inscribed:

Selig sind die toda-
en die in dem Herrn
sterben von nun an Ia
Der Geist Sprieght dass
sie ruhen von ihier arbeit,
Den ihre Werke folgen ihnen
Nach, Offenb. 14, 13.
Hier ruhet in Frieden
Weilan Johann Georg Schum
Geb. in d. 5 Aug anno 1777
Gest. d. 15 Sept 1846
In einem alter
Von
69 jahren 1 Mont U. 10 tagen

Translation: Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them. Rev. 14:13. Here rests in peace formerly Johann Georg Schum, born 5 August in the year 1777, died the15 September 1846, at the age of 69 years, 1 month and 10 days.

A metal plaque behind the tombstone reads:

John George Schumm
Born Aug. 4, 1777 in
Ruppertshofen, Germany
Died Sept. 15, 1846 in
Schumm, Ohio
Settled in Schumm, Ohio in 1838

Plaque behind Johann Georg Schumm tombstone, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2011 photo by Karen)

Plaque behind Johann Georg Schumm tombstone, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2011 photo by Karen)

Johann Georg Schumm was born on 4 August 1777 in Ruppertshofen, Württemberg, the son of John Georg and Anna Margarete (Franz) Schumm. [1] His German birth record gives his date of birth as 4 August so the tombstone is incorrect.

Johann Georg Schumm married Anna Maria Fisher on 28 April 1807 in Ruppertshofen, Württemberg.  Anna Maria was born on 3 Mar 1779 in Ruppertshofen and died there on 5 Feb 1822.

Johann Georg Schumm, with four of his sons and a daughter, left from the port of Hamburg in mid-April of 1833, bound for America. They sailed on the Brig Zelia and arrived at the Port of Philadelphia on 3 June 1833. The Johann Georg Schumm family, as listed on the ship’s passenger list: John G Schum, age 55; John F, 19; George M, 20; John J, 17; Georg L, 16, and Maria C, 23. [2]

Once they were in America the Schumms traveled to and resided for several years near Winesburg in Holmes County, Ohio. Since most immigrants traveled to where relatives, friends and neighbors had already settled, the Schumms undoubtedly knew some of the families that were already living in the Holmes County area.

The little village of Winesburg was settled by German Lutheran immigrants and the Schumms worshiped with them. Several of Johnann Georg Schumm’s children were married at Winesburg during this time: Maria Katherina married Michael Schüller in 1833 [3]; George Martin married Maria Pflüger in 1838 [4]; Johann Friedrich married Magdalena Meyer in 1838 [5]; George Ludwig married Maria Barbara Pflüger in 1840 [6]. Johann Jacob married Hannah Boyer in 1839 in Van Wert County. [7]

Four years after arriving in America Johnann Georg Schumm visited the Van Wert County area. At that time the US government was encouraging westward migration and land cost as little as $1.25/acre. He liked the area east of Willshire and decided to move his family there.

On 26 April 1837 Johann Georg applied for three US land patents and his sons George Martin and Friedrich each applied for a land patent, all in Van Wert County. They paid a total of $1000 for the five quarter sections, amounting to 800 acres, in whiat is now the area of Schumm. The final land certificates were signed by President Martin Van Buren and dated 10 October 1840. [8]

It looks like the Schumms wanted to make sure that each of the five immigrant children had at least 160 acres of land. Johann Georg may have purchased the 3 quarter sections for his three children that could not purchase the land themselves. The two older sons, George Martin and Friedrich, were over 21 years of age in 1837 and could legally purchase land themselves. Katherina, married to Michael Schüler, would not have been able to purchase land because married women at that time were not legally permitted to purchase or own land. Son Ludwig was not 21 years of age in 1837 and would not have been legally allowed to purchase land. Eventually each of the Schumm children or their heirs had a tract of land in the area.

According to the records at Zion Schumm, the Schumms arrived in Van Wert County on 7 June 1838. It appears some of them traveled to and from Van Wert County and Holmes County during the years 1838-1840, since some of them were married in Holmes County during that time period.

Johann Georg Schumm was naturalized 2 October 1843 in Van Wert County.

Johann Georg Schumm (1777-1846). (2011 photo by Karen)

Johann Georg Schumm (1777-1846). (2011 photo by Karen)

Johann Georg died of typhus on 15 September 1846 at the age of 69 years, 1 month, and 10 days. He and his four sons were instrumental in establishing Zion Lutheran Church at Schumm and the town of Schumm. Unfortunately Johann George died three days before the first constitution of Zion Lutheran Church was adopted.

Johann Georg and Anna Maria (Fisher) Schumm had the following children:

Johann George (1807-1807)
George Michael (1808-1831)
Maria Katherina (1810-1838) married Michael Schüler
George Martin (1812-1871) married Maria Pflüger
Johann Friedrich (18140-l902) married Magdalena Meyer
Johann Jacob (1815-1853) married Hannah Boyer
George Ludwig (1817-1855) Maria Barbara Pflüger
Maria Rosine (1818-1819)
Anna Maria (1819-1819)
Maria Rosine (1821-1843)

Johann Georg Schumm is my great-great-great-grandfather. I descend from his son George “Ludwig” Schumm, All of Johann Georg’s children who immigrated with him are buried in Zion Schumm’s cemetery.

 

[1] Kirchenbuch, 1555-1986, Evangelische Kirche Rüppertshofen, OA Gerabronn, Württemberg, microfilm #1528604, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[2] Philadelphia, Passenger Lists, 1800-1850, on-line database and images by subscription, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com “ accessed 24 Nov 2013); citing Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1883-1945, Micropublication T840, RG085, rolls #1-181, National Archives, Washington, D.C.; and Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1800-1882, Micropublication M425, RG036, rolls #1-108, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

[3] “Ohio, Marriages, 1800-1958,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/SC7C-JNR : accessed 24 Nov 2013), Michael Scheuler and Catharine Schoone, 22 Nov 1833.

[4] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1994,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XDP1-PT5 : accessed 24 Nov 2013), George Schumm and Mary Pfluger, 01 May 1838; citing Vol. 2 1831-1867, p. 44, Holmes, Ohio, United States, reference 272; FHL microfilm 477144.

[5] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1994,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XDP1-59B : accessed 24 Nov 2013), Frederick Schum and Magdalena Meyers, 15 Aug 1838; citing Vol. 2 1831-1867, p. 53, Holmes, Ohio, United States, reference 276; FHL microfilm 477144.

[6] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1994,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XDP1-R4F : accessed 24 Nov 2013), Lewis Schumm and Barbara Pfluger, Nov 1840; citing Vol. 2 1831-1867, p. 109, Holmes, Ohio, United States, reference ; FHL microfilm 477144.

[7] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1004,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VN31-9SL : accessed 24 Nov 2013), Jacob Schom and Hannah Boyer, 15 Feb 1839; citing Vol. 1937-1840, Van Wert, Ohio, United States, reference; FHL microfilm 1016002.

[8] Schumm land transactions:

The Schumms applied for land patents at the US Land Office in Lima, Ohio, on 26 April 1837:
John George: SW ¼  of Section 23 (cert #9724, Bureau of Land Management); NW ¼ of Section 26 (cert #9725, BLM); NE ¼ of Section 27 (cert #9726, BLM).
George Martin: SE ¼ of Section 22 (cert #9727, BLM).
Friedrich: NE ¼ of Section 22 (cert #9728, BLM).

10 March 1840:
Friedrich purchased the 160 acres in Section 26 from his father for $200 (Van Wert Deeds, Vol E:280).
George Martin purchased the 160 in Section 27 from his father for $200 (Van Wert Deeds, Vol E:282).

John Jacob received the 160 acres in Section 23 from his father (Van Wert Deeds, Vol E:183, Vol F:448).
The Schüller heirs eventually owned land in the NE ¼ of Section 22.
Lewis eventually owned the SE ¼ of Section 22.

 

6 comments

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  1. Waldo

    5 quarter sections!!! That is a lot of land for just a few households to clear and farm with horses! How many Amish families work that much land even today, even with the aid of English machines and hired help?

  2. Tony

    In Johann Jacob Schumm’s marriage his name is listed as Jacob Schom and he married Hannah Boyer on 15 Feb 1839 in Van Wert County.

    1. Karen

      Thank you very much! Where does the name Billman come from? Was Hannah married before?

    2. Karen

      I looked at my notes and see that Johann Jacob’s widow Hannah married Georg Steger on 25 July 1854 and that she died in 1878. Do you know where she is buried?

  3. Karen

    I am a double cousin to you through the Schumm family as I descend from the son of Johann George who was Johann Friederich and then my gggrandfather Georg P Reidenbach was married to your ggggrandmother, Eva Pflueger. (Not sure if I have the greats correct.)

    It is interesting to see that you are a certified genealogist. I have been working on our family genealogy for almost 30 years on & off plus my husband’s for nearly as long. What is involved to be certified? I started doing research before you could use the internet.

    1. Karen

      Yes, we certainly are related! The Schumm/Reidenbach/Pflueger connection is interesting. We may have to share information. I may have some questions about the Reidenbachs. I will refer you to the Board for Certification of Genealogists website, http://www.bcgcertification.org for information and instructions on becoming a board certified genealogist. Their website gives you all that information. It is challenging and I learned a lot during the process. Thanks for writing!

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